Cost of Patent Application Preparation
Cost of Preparing a Patent Application
Costs for preparing a patent application vary depending on the complexity of the invention. Here is one source of cost data: patent cost statistics. Below, I discuss some highlights from the patent cost statistics and also add some other available figures.
Cost of Patent Applications – Recent Numbers
A Seattle company that I work with made of point of asking the cost question of every inventor and every patent attorney willing to comment. The 2013-2014 numbers fall within the range of $5,000 – $6,000 for a provisional and $12,000 – $15,000 for a non-provisional. Since the United States moved over to the First Inventor to File system, most attorneys agree that the quality (and cost) of a provisional applications is approaching that for a non-provisional application.
Personally, I encourage my clients to invest in a good provisional patent application at the onset. That provides the strongest priority claim and also cuts down on the fees for filing a non-provisional application. (If the provisional application is of non-provisional quality, then it takes little work to use it as a non-provisional one year later).
One major Seattle technology firm reported paying a flat per-application fee based on 3 levels of patent complexity: A = $7500, B = $10,000, C = $12,500. Nearly all sophisticated software patents are of B or C complexity. Chemical inventions are mostly C complexity.
Some Ballpark Cost Figures for Filing a Patent
$10,000, on the low end, to file a patent. “But [Ronald J. Riley, president of the Professional Inventors Alliance USA] and other small inventors also knock the present system: High legal bills — inventors can expect to spend $10,000, on the low end, to file a patent; most of that is attorney’s fees.” How much does it cost to file a patent? What is the cost of a patent? (Akweli Parker, “Inventor’s reality,” Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, March 23, 2006)
$10,000 – $15,000 as a range. Attorney fees charged for preparing a patent application. “[M]ost companies spend between $10,000 and $15,000 in attorney fees to prepare the application.” Patent attorney fees. (Dean Turman, patent attorney at MacCord Mason, Greensboro, North Carolina quoted in Michelle Cater Rash, “Restructuring raises patent fees, could hinder startups,”Business Journal Serving the GreaterTriad Area, April 11, 2005)
Complex Inventions Cost More
Complex inventions cost more to prepare than simple applications. More work and more expertise are required to file patent applications on complication technology. For example, one should expect patents covering chemical compounds or processes to involve more work and expertise than inventions to simple machines.
Many large firms break inventions down into tiers of complexity. Extremely simple inventions would fall into the least costly tier, hovering around $6,000. (Extremely simple inventions could include coat hangers, paper clips, earmuffs, etc). Highly complex inventions would fall into the most costly tier, ranging from $15,000 and upwards. Highly complex inventions would include pharmaceutical, medical imagine devices, complicated software, and the like.
One back-of-the-envelope way to determine the cost is to ask the level of education required to work with the technology. Would a machinist or technician understand the invention? Or would understanding the invention require a PhD?
According to Julia Feldmeier of the Washington Post, filing a patent application “can easily run more than $20,000, depending on the complexity of the patent…” See “Any Bright Ideas?; How Local Inventors Try to Capitalize on That ‘Aha!’ Moment,” The Washington Post, March 4, 2007).