Patenting Cannabis Technology

Patenting Cannabis Technology

The cannabis plant is not patentable because it has been in the public domain for centuries.

The cannabis plant is not patentable because it has been in the public domain for centuries.

Changes in cannabis culture are creating incredible opportunities for new cannabis technology.  Cannabis and cannabis derived products are overwhelmingly popular in the worldwide market.  This popularity is especially noteworthy because the plant and its derivatives are still illegal in the United States.  But the war on cannabis appears to be coming to a close.  (See video below).  And the popularity of the drug appears to be on the rise, for both medical and recreational uses.

The above changes suggest tremendous opportunities in the cannabis technology industry.  Events like the Cannabis Business Summit hope to capture some of these opportunities. As inventors rush into that space, they should remain cognizant of the opportunities for patenting their inventions.  For example, inventors could define their inventions as new compositions, devices, or methods.

Changing Cannabis Culture Creates Patent Opportunities

Setting aside the political issues associated with cannabis, the changing climate is creating incredible business opportunities.  According to CNBC, the legal cannabis business is already huge.  And the Huffington Post opines that those sales will quadruple by 2018.  Most of this business comes from growing and selling the plant itself.  But other industries are beginning to blossom.  For example, the cannabis food and beverage industry and cannabis device industry have experienced wild growth.

With these new industries come new products and new technology.  Inventing something new (i.e., different) gives rise to patentable subject matter.  In the case of cannabis, there are a variety of opportunities for inventing new technology.

New Chemical Compositions Derived from Cannabis.

Although the cannabis plant has been known for thousands of years, making new compositions from that plant would give rise to patentable inventions.

Although the cannabis plant has been known for thousands of years, making new compositions from that plant would give rise to patentable inventions.

Naturally occurring substances cannot be patented.  As compounds, they are not “new” because they occur in nature without human ingenuity.  However, new purified forms of the chemical components of cannabis are potentially patentable.  Similarly, new combinations of known molecules can be patented.  Regardless of political attention, the patent office will treat cannabis inventions as chemical inventions.

Given the variety of different molecules found in the cannabis plant, the potential for new combinations of those molecules is virtually infinite.  Finding new combinations of molecules having desirable properties would give rise to new compositions of matter.  These new cannabis compositions can be patented.

New Cannabis Edibles are Patentable.

According to CNBC, the legalization of medical cannabis in several states has paved the way for a budding edible medical cannabis industry. Small businesses in states such as Colorado and California are making cannabis derived treats such as candy, cookies or soda.

New Edibles Derived from Cannabis are Patentable

New Edibles Derived from Cannabis are Patentable

As we have discussed in some earlier articles, new foods (e.g., candy, cookies or soda) can be patented as compositions of matter.  New flavors of those foods could give rise to additional patents.  Given that this class of cannabis containing readymade foods is relatively young, the body of prior art is relatively small.  Less prior art makes it more likely that the foods could be defined as new compositions, increasing the likelihood that they could be patented.

Along with opportunities for patenting cannabis compositions per se comes the opportunity for patenting methods of making those new compositions.  A new food is probably made via a new method.  That new method could be claimed and patented.

New devices and methods for administering cannabis or cannabis compositions are patentable

The Pax by Ploom illustrates one example of technology growing up around cannabis development

The Pax by Ploom illustrates one example of technology growing up around cannabis development

New devices for using or administering cannabis are patentable.  Smoking cannabis has one indisputable downside—the user is smoking the plant.  Generally speaking, breathing in burning materials is bad for the user.  (Humans should not breath in things that are on fire).

Responding to this downside of smoking, the cannabis device market has grown significantly over the years.  Wikipedia describes several varieties of herbal vaporizer technologies.  And some websites, e.g., GotVape, specialize in selling commercial embodiments of the vaporizing technology.  Many devices, such as Pax by Ploom or the iolite product line have been patented.  But the space still remains wide open.  Inventors of new devices should follow iolite’s lead by claiming their inventions.

Patenting methods of administering cannabis

U.S. patent law recognizes “methods” as a separate category patentable subject matter.  In addition to patenting new “devices” for administering cannabis, the inventor could pursue patent claims directed to the methods of administering cannabis by using those devices.

Changing Culture Suggests Increasing Opportunities for Patenting Cannabis

In recent years, the public opinion surrounding cannabis has changed considerably.  And it appears that the nation (and the world) will probably continue to move toward decriminalization and legalization of this plant.  One good illustration of this shift can be seen through CNN medical correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta.  This past August, he publicly changed his position on cannabis use — discussing some unparalleled medical benefits  of the drug along with an overwhelming lack of side-effects.  Here is the video:

Assuming that this trend continues, it will spawn new industries filling the void created by illegality.  Some examples are new foods, compositions, drug products, services, etc, discussed above.  The early stage of these industries makes them particularly exciting from a technology standpoint.  The technology is in its early developmental stages, so it is bound to encounter big leaps forward— pioneering inventions.  Accordingly, the cannabis technology field offers especially exciting opportunities for inventing and patenting new technology.

 

 

 

 

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